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Plantar fasciitis is caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia – a band of tissue connecting the heel to the forward part of the foot. It can also be characterized by stiffness and soreness along the plantar (bottom) surface of the foot. Typically the soreness and stiffness is worst at the beginning of an activity, and then subsides somewhat.
Stress on the arch of the foot, over-training and tight calf muscles are common causes of plantar fasciitis. Rest, icing after a workout, gentle stretching of the calf muscles and a reevaluation of your running shoes can help resolve the problem. If the arch of your current shoes doesn't fully support your instep, try switching to a running shoe with greater arch support.